Toxic Chemicals Are Found in Blades of Artificial Turf
High School Football Concussion Risk Greater for Young Athletes and on Turf
Public health advocates have long raised alarms about artificial turf pellets, which simulate the give of natural grass but have been shown to contain benzene, cadmium, and other known carcinogens. Now, for the first time, a new series of tests has found that the blades, and their plastic backing, may also contain toxic chemicals.
The test results showed that the turf contained elevated levels of per- and polyfluoroalkyl chemicals known as PFAS, which have been linked to kidney cancer, low infant birth weights, and a range of diseases. The findings have raised concerns about the safety of millions of square feet of artificial turf installed in recent years on public fields and playgrounds across the country.
Letter to Washington, D.C.'s Mayor Bowser
“Turf outweighed all other mechanisms of injury, including helmet-to-helmet and grass. Almost 90% of all injuries occurred on turf-based surfaces, according to Burkhart. ‘You can exponentially see the difference in terms of the amount of injuries occurring on turf versus anywhere else,’ he said. ‘While we’ve done a great job in terms of educating athletes and reducing the number of helmet-to-helmet concussions, you can see that turf drastically outweighs others as the mechanism of injury.”
Synthetic Turf – Not Supported by Science as a Safe Solution
“Synturf removal contractors may tell clients the material will be recycled. That is factually inaccurate. There is no facility in all of North America that is recycling synthetic turf back into synthetic turf or any other product. A single facility, in Denmark, is the only one that is actually set up to do so -- even the synturf industry trade group concedes this. In addition there is no known pipeline of any North American-based used synturf being sent to the Danish facility. What is called “recycling” is just finding a place to park the materials, which continue to contaminate the air, soil and water as they disintegrate into plastic debris, dust and micro-debris.”
Incidence of Knee Injuries on Artificial Turf Versus Natural Grass in National Collegiate Athletic Association American Football: 2004-2005 Through 2013-2014 Seasons
"None of this fits with Vancouver’s ambition to be the Greenest City, or with the overarching need to protect the environment and deal with the climate emergency. There are climate impacts to consider: synthetic turf is a Lifecycle GHG Emitter of 108.2 tons CO2 equivalent over 10 years compared to a grass sport field that acts like a carbon sink to remove and store 16.9 tons CO2 equivalent over the same period. In addition, living grass can remove pollutants from the air, cool the playing surface and air above, and filter rainwater, all of which help in the fight against climate change."
Players Officially File Lawsuit Against FIFA, CSA Over Artificial Turf at 2015 Women’s World Cup
Conclusion: Artificial turf is an important risk factor for specific knee ligament injuries in NCAA football. Injury rates for PCL tears were significantly increased during competitions played on artificial turf as compared with natural grass. Lower NCAA divisions (II and III) also showed higher rates of ACL injuries during competitions on artificial turf versus natural grass.
Plastic Field Documented at 156 Degrees This Week
“CSA and FIFA’s decision to hold the [2014 Women’s World Cup] on artificial turf is inherently discriminatory and injures an elite group of female athletes in three significant ways: (1) by forcing them to compete on a surface that fundamentally alters the way the game is played, (2) by subjecting them to unique and serious risks of injury, and (3) by devaluing their dignity, state of mind and self-respect as a result of requiring them to play on a second-class surface before tens of thousands of stadium spectators and a global broadcast audience.”
Synthetic Turf Will Contribute to Greenhouse Gas Problems
FLIR thermal image of plastic field in Washington, D.C. @1:30pm, June 17, 2019
Air Temp: low 90s; partly to mostly cloudy
Grass Temp: 90s
Field Temp: 140s/150s
Artificial Turf May Equal Real Litigation
“Given that most plastic carpets are made out of polyethylene — the plastic found to release [methane and ethylene] at the highest rate — and given the high surface area occupied by this material, including each individual blade of plastic ‘grass,’ synthetic turf likely contributes significantly to greenhouse gas emissions. I strongly urge you to consider how you can reduce these gases through policies restricting the installation of synthetic turf, as well as other synthetic surfaces, to guide consumers to make better choices and reduce plastic production everywhere we can.”
Letter from the Martha's Vineyard Environmental Educators Alliance
“I am writing this letter as a concerned part-time resident of Martha’s Vineyard and an attorney with experience in mass tort litigation — i.e., tobacco, asbestos, and defective drugs. Sadly, what is currently unfolding within the synthetic turf industry bears striking similarities to the aforementioned mass tort catastrophes - deceptive marketing practices, industry funded junk science (aimed at misleading customers and creating doubt in the courtroom), and a focus on corporate profits over consumer health and safety.”
School, Hospital Officials React To Large-Scale Heat Exhaustion at John Marshall
"As they grow into adults we hope these students will keep this love for the Island close in their hearts and let it weigh heavily on the decisions they face as future community leaders. Change is inevitable. But change of any particular sort is not... In the end it is often money that rules the day. Ironic and shortsighted, when looking many years down the road, artificial turf is a costly financial choice, not to mention health and environmental one."
Athletic Playing Fields: Choosing Safer Options for Health and the Environment
“On Thursday, dozens of band members were rushed to area hospitals after the heat became too much during band practice. Students from John Marshall High School, Sherrard and Moundsville Middle Schools were practicing at Monarch Stadium, when they were overcome with heat radiating from the turf. 10 EMS agencies from Ohio, Marshall and Belmont Counties responded and transported 37 students to area hospitals.”
Major New Fears Emerge Over Absence of Recycling Plan for 3G Pitches
“Artificial turf poses a number of health and environmental concerns. Those communities that have decided to install artificial turf are encouraged to make careful choices among the materials available to them... Communities should bear in mind that existing tests apply only to the sample on which they are conducted, and materials used in artificial turf may vary widely in composition. From an environmental and health standpoint, organically managed natural grass is a safer choice for sports fields. When the full product life cycle is considered, organically managed natural grass also offers lower costs over time.”
The 100-Yard Deception
“One individual who asked not to be named working in the recycling of 3G pitches in the UK described it as a ‘massive issue’ and said that in the next two decades the problem ‘will escalate beyond belief’. ‘Most surfaces will have to be relaid in the next 10 to 15 years and there will have to be a home for them. You cannot begin to imagine how much. You will be able to fill Wembley Stadium [with artificial turf].’
Letter From Vineyard Conservation Society
A six-month NJ Advance Media investigation found FieldTurf, the top U.S. maker of artificial sports fields, made millions selling high-end turf to taxpayers in towns and schools across N.J. and the U.S. after knowing it was falling apart.
Benefits of Turf Grass
"Against this backdrop of growing enthusiasm for measures to reduce plastic waste, and the progress already achieved by our Island community, the possibility of replacing natural grass with one or more massive plastic carpets is particularly dissonant, and disappointing. Artificial turf, while not disposable in quite the same sense as a plastic drinking straw, is indeed a plastic waste issue."
2010 NFL Players Playing Surfaces Opinion Survey
Sustainability maintained turf serves the environment in many ways.
Turfgrass reduces runoff, prevents erosion, replenishes air, promotes safety, regulates temperature, supports bio-remediation, sequesters carbon, and helps with noise
Penn State Center for Sports Surface Research: Synthetic Turf Heat Evaluation – Progress Report January 2012
Which surface do you think is more likely to contribute to injury?
Artificial Infilled 82.4%
Which surface do you think is more likely to shorten your career?
Artificial Infilled 89.7%
Letter from Mass Audubon to MVRHS Leadership
Summary: No product in this test substantially reduced surface temperature compared to the traditional system of green fibers filled with black rubber in both the indoor and outdoor test. Reductions of five or even ten degrees offer little advantage when temperatures still exceed 150° F. Until temperatures can be reduced by at least twenty or thirty degrees for an extended period of time, surface temperature will remain a major issue on synthetic turf fields.
“Mass Audubon opposes the use of synthetic turf for outdoor sports and activities on the High School playing fields and believes grass playing fields are a better alternative. Grass maintains a natural temperature, reduces rain runoff, filters stormwater, and when cared for properly, is safe for people and nature.”